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Have you ever wondered why shoes hanging on a power line don’t get fried? Now you can get answers to these and all your energy-related questions. Just Ask an Expert!

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Answer: Voltage, or the force of electricity, begins with the electrons that orbit the center of atoms. The electrons of some atoms – like those of copper and other metals – are only loosely attached, which allows electricity to travel through these materials easily. (Materials with loosely attached electrons are known as conductors.) When an outside force is applied, electrons may break free and get “bumped” from one atom to the next within a conductor. A continuous flow of electrons from atom to atom results in electric voltage.

Turbine generators in electric power plants rely on this atomic process. The turbines turn electromagnets that are surrounded by heavy coils of copper wire. The moving magnets create the outside force that causes the electrons in the copper wire to move from atom to atom, generating electricity.

Answer: Thanks for your question, Joe. Southern California Edison has been at the forefront of adopting cleaner power sources for decades. Our 2016 power label lists our energy resources along with percentages for each resource. To learn more about our clean energy projects, please view our stories at:

Answer: Shoes hanging on a power line don’t get burned for the same reason that birds standing on a power line don’t get shocked: they don’t give electricity a path to the ground, so electricity stays in the line and does not go through them. But if the shoes were to touch a power line and a power pole at the same time, they would provide a path to the ground and would get blasted with electric current. It wouldn’t be pretty! Shoes hanging on a power line can be bad news. They can damage the power line affecting the power that you rely on each day, or someone trying to get the shoes down could be seriously shocked or even killed.

Also, someone named Will asked this same question a long time ago – you can find the Q&A (and many others!) in the See More Questions archive at the bottom of the Experts Page.

Answer: Thanks for your question, Chris. Southern California Edison has been at the forefront of adopting cleaner power sources for decades. Our 2016 power label lists our energy resources along with percentages for each resource. To learn more about our clean energy projects, please view our stories at:

Answer: Don't count on rubber boots to protect you from the hazards of downed power lines. Rubber is an insulator, which means electricity does not flow easily through it. However, standard rubber boots are not designed to insulate against electricity from any source. Even utility power-line workers don't rely on their boots alone for protection—not only do they wear boots and gloves made from special rubber designed to protect against electrical shock, they also use special equipment for handling energized power lines and other electrical facilities. If you see a fallen power line, always stay far away from the line and anything it is touching no matter what shoes or boots you are wearing, and immediately call 911 to report it.

Answer: A circuit is a closed path or loop that is needed for electricity to flow. Electricity flows when a circuit is closed (that is, the circle is complete), and will not flow when a circuit is open. You can access a circuit-building activity experiment on our website here.

Answer: California condors almost went extinct because they have a slow rate of reproduction and many adult condors were killed through contact with power lines. Condors have a nearly 10-foot wingspan, making it easy for them to bridge between two power lines or to touch a power line and pole at the same time—both of which can be deadly. Learn more about how a training program that taught condors to avoid power poles in the World of Wires section of this website.

Answer: Climbing a tree near a power line is super dangerous! I’m afraid you’ll need to stop climbing your favorite tree, and find a new one to climb that is located far away from power lines. To learn more about this, read the section on the dangers of trees and powerlines on this website.

Answer: You were lucky enough to be dealing with a well-designed copier and only an inch of water. Assuming the wall outlet was well above the waterline and the power cable and plug were dry, you were in no danger. The blue spark you saw was an arc between the outlet socket and the copier plug caused by the current trying to jump the gap and complete the circuit. Evidently the machine was properly insulated, so there was no way for an inch of water to get into it and cause a short circuit. However, if the water level had been higher and had caused a short in the machine, or if the cord had been wet, you could have been electrocuted when you pulled the plug. The correct first thing to have done would have been to switch off the copier, using an insulating object like an eraser to push the switch as an extra precaution, so that current no longer flowed through the machine. Only then would you unplug it at the wall.

Answer: One lightning strike can carry 100 million to 1 billion volts of electricity. That’s the equivalent of your being hooked up to between 8 and 80 million car batteries! Although the chances of getting struck by lightning aren’t terribly high, you do not want to risk it. You can read about lightning shock survivor Carissa here on this site. Carissa was lucky in that she wasn’t paralyzed or killed!

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